Synthetic biology is the field of science that deals with designing (or redesigning) living organisms in order to understand how they work and attempt to adapt them. The goal: to create what nature hasn’t yet on its own.
Each human being plays host to some 100 trillion bacteria, of some 10,000 different types, weighing an average of 2 kilograms. And while in the past we dreamed of being free of microorganisms, today we know that aspiration was misguided.
Breakthroughs in knowledge and technology mean we’re seeing a boom in neuroscience. The prefix "neuro" has invaded nearly every area of our vocabulary, and society demands constantly updated information on developments in this field and their ever more widespread applications.
Genetic information is stored in DNA, like an instruction manual difficult to read. The same letters appear in books that are as different as a skin cell, liver cell or heart cell. What sets the stories they tell apart? Epigenetics, the relationship of the letters and their readers.
Biomedical research has advanced leaps and bounds in recent years, but there are still many roads ahead to explore. One thing that is normally considered a limiting factor is the technology used in research, which not only gives us access to more information but also makes it more reliable.
Thanks to advances in medicine and public health in recent decades, we’re living longer lives, however new challenges have appeared, like curbing the impact of cognitive deterioration associated with ageing and neurodegenerative diseases.